Why Quebec’s Proposed Headgear Law is Wrong


The Province of Quebec is proposing to ban the wearing of any and all religious headgear (including hijabs, turbans and yarmulkes, as well as other religious symbols) from public facilities and public service – affecting teachers, hospital workers, daycare workers, nurses, civil servants and (we assume) politicians.

The law would also cover “ostentatious” crucifixes, which has led to darkly humorous speculation about police stopping people to measure the size of their crucifix.

What about a tattoo of a giant “Om” on someone’s back? Would the owner have to remove it? Cover it up?

What about priests’ collars or nuns’ habits, worn in every Catholic school in the province. They’re public sector, aren’t they?

Atheist AAnd what about displays of the Flying Spaghetti Monster? Evolvefish? Or the red atheist “A”? Atheist symbols aren’t religious, so would they be exempt under this new law? *

It would be a bad law, as bad if not worse than the province’s repressive language laws. And it will spark innumerable challenges based on the Charter of Rights’ declaration of religious freedom.**

Not long ago, Quebec’s soccer federation tried to ban the wearing of Sikh turbans on the field. Why? Do turbans proffer a hithertofore unknown benefit to the wearers; performance-enhancing headgear like drugs? Or the opposite? The federation mumbled incoherently about safety, although there has been no turban-related injury ever recorded.

Could it be that turbans have no effect whatsoever on the player or his game and it was just racially-motivated? The general consensus was the latter, and the federation had to backtrack and rescind the ban after it became an international issue. The backlash was embarrassing and awkward, but the PQ government stood by the soccer federation.

While the PQ government – Canada’s answer to the Tea Party, it seems – remains tight-lipped about the upcoming ban on religious displays, the speculation is that Quebec wants to enforce a secular state by legislation. It has announced plans to release a Quebec secular “values” document this fall.

Clearly they haven’t learned from history: Lenin and his successors tried to do that and failed. The more the state interferes with religion, the more it thrives. I suspect that this attempt by the PQ will galvanize the province’s fading Catholicism.  Nothing like a good punch-up to bring out the believers. Britain has its soccer hooligans; Quebec may have its Catholic hooligans if this passes.***

Values cannot be legislated. Instilled, taught, expressed and promoted, but – like taste and talent – not legislated. Lead by example, Marois, not by the iron fist.

Separation of church and state is an admirable political philosophy, but has never really worked anywhere on the planet. For all that we think we are a modern, secular society here in Canada, religion still plays a big role in our public sphere. People swear oaths of office on the Bible, they swear to tell the truth in court “so help me God.” Our Remembrance Day service is replete with references to Christianity, regardless of the faith (or lack of it) of the fallen. We sing “God Save the Queen” and in O Canada we sing, “God keep our land glorious and free!”

Now I’m a firm believer that religion is a personal matter, and the state should be neutral when it comes to religion (every state, every religion.). I’m solidly secularist as far as government s concerned. I do not want any egregious, open display of religion of any sort from any public servant that might be construed as either affecting the outcome of an answer, a decision or policy. But I am not offended by anyone’s personal beliefs.

Wearing a turban, a kippah or a crucifix doesn’t strike me as ostentatious or even vaguely proselytizing. It’s like what you drive: your choice. As long as it it doesn’t affect the state of the highways, why should I care?

Religion is also a cultural matter and some dress, some gestures, some customs have bled by osmosis into general use. Saying “bless you” or gesundheit when someone sneezes is one example. Some of our statutory holidays are religious. Even if you’re not a Christian, or even religious, you get Christmas and Easter off work.

A recent story in the Globe and Mail called the proposed ban “Putinesque,” a reference to the brutal, autocratic, homophobic and intolerant Russian leader whose recent anti-gay laws have become models for repressive legislation. Interesting that Putin’s name now is more despised than Stalin’s, at least in the rest of the world. Will Premier Pauline Marois enjoy sharing that reputation?

Hijab and labcoatWhen health and safety are an issue with headgear, they can be dealt with more effectively by passing or amending laws either specific to an industry (construction, for example, where a hardhat is mandated by occupational health & safety legislation), health (requiring the cleanliness of headgear to be confirmed by supervisors), or identifying times when headgear either interferes or has the potential to cause liability issues (like riding a motorcycle or casting a ballot in a public election).

A blanket ban is not only aggressively offensive, but also monumentally stupid. Why risk polarizing the electorate and alienating minority groups?

The quality of healthcare will not change if a nurse wears a headscarf. It certainly didn’t get worse when nuns wore wimples. The quality of food will not change – actually it may get better – if servers and cooks wear head covering. Many restaurants already require head gear to prevent stray hair from contaminating food. A doctor wearing a crucifix will not make me heal better or worse than one without it.

Worse is that this proposal comes with the stench of racism, since most of the wearers of such headgear are not the white, Catholic (but allegedly secular) rulers of the province. better would have been some sort of voluntary guidelines, maybe an incentive program.

The PQ blusters about the harm of “religious accommodation” but it’s examples are so bland and inconsequential as to be mere canards. Allowing Orthodox Jews to ignore parking restrictions on Saturday so they don’t have to violate their religious laws by moving their car, for example, is a trivial issue but the PQ Labour Minister had to wade in and decry the exception. As if it mattered. As if the sky was falling.

A Globe and Mail editorial noted,

The reasonable accommodation debate has been front-page news in Quebec since the terror attacks of 9/11 and the subsequent backlash in many countries against Muslims. A series of overblown controversies – a small town adopted a “code of conduct” that churlishly reminded immigrants that stoning women to death, female circumcision and other unlikely-to-occur practices aren’t allowed in Quebec; a sugar shack removed pork from its menu to accommodate Muslim patrons – prompted the Liberal government of Jean Charest to establish the Bouchard-Taylor Commission on Accommodation Practices Related to Cultural Differences, in 2007.

The $5.1-million commission held 31 days of hearings and released a report in 2008 that correctly concluded that Quebec was not in a crisis. It nonetheless made recommendations, one of which called on the province to declare itself secular. The idea caught the attention of the Parti Québécois, which has vowed to adopt what it has come to call the Charter of Quebec Values.

Quebec, though, is in a crisis: a manufactured one. A group has decided to create an issue, create a controversy, where none existed. To invent a crisis by cleverly manipulating the media and the public. Make it look like there’s substance where there’s only smoke and mirrors. Shades of local politics, eh?

This matters because we’re all in Canada and how any province treats its immigrants, its minorities, its faiths reflects on us all. Canadians are (or should be) known worldwide for their tolerance, acceptance, and compassion. This proposed charter of values will make us look like bigots. Let’s hope the PQ proposal gets shot down before that happens.

~~~~~
* What is the real difference between wearing a religious icon or clothing and wearing a political party pin? A union pin? A branded ball cap? A Star Trek badge? An automobile crest on your rapper bling? An Elvis or Beatles T-shirt? A Masonic ring? Does the wearing of a symbol do anything more than reflect a personal choice?

** Section two of the Charter, fundamental freedoms, guarantees:

2. Everyone has the following fundamental freedoms:
(a) freedom of conscience and religion;
(b) freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication;
(c) freedom of peaceful assembly; and
(d) freedom of association.

*** The French tried to secularize almost every aspect of life after the Revolution (the Napoleonic Code in particular), and much of it was a disaster. Take a look at the mess they made of the calendar. In 1905, during the Third Republic, France passed a new law to define the separation of church and state. Valiant efforts, but Marois is no Napoleon (I or III). The PQ proposal is a thin ectoplasm of the French legislation.

3 thoughts on “Why Quebec’s Proposed Headgear Law is Wrong

  1. abbottaerospace

    It is sad you believe the mainstream media lies about the Tea Party – as a citizen journalist you can do better. The reason why we disagree on what the Tea Party stand for is because you do not know what it stands for.

    If the Tea party are the ‘Christian Taliban’ (An outlandishly immature and ill informed thing to say), when you compare the number of rapes and sexual assaults at tea party rallies (zero) with OWS that would make the left wing equivalent ‘Modern day Japanese rape camps’? ‘Pogrom against women’? ‘Rape-o-polooza’? ‘Wahabi-Sharia Taliban’?

    Being an atheist who has lived with and done business (and still do) with US ‘christian fundamentalists’ I can tell you that I and my heathen, atheist family never feel safer and better treated than when we are in the company of our ‘Christian Taliban’ friends. My experience of the political left (I use to be a lefty until I grew up) is the polar opposite in terms of tolerance, diversity and respect.

    I do enjoy reading your blog – however I am likely to give your writing and opinions a lot less credence if you carry on flinging around unqualified, errant nonsense.

    I could go through the quotes one by one at business insider – but I do not have time – a few did leap out at me.
    What was funny was that one of the ‘ridiculous’ quotes was concerning death panels – funny that as many democrats have now come out and realized this is true and are criticizing that part of the affordable care act.
    http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2013/08/democrats-obamacare-death-panels-howard-dean

    and that ridiculous idea of Rand Paul’s that socialism does not work – of course it does, ask Russia, China, Cuba, North Korea, Germany. Cambodia – I’m sure that they will all tell you that socialism works just fine.

    No….wait…..

    And as for the left? So easy find if you bother to look
    http://www.bookwormroom.com/2012/08/28/democrat-gaffes-nastiness-and-sheer-ignorance-just-a-few-highlights-from-the-democrat-side-of-the-aisle/
    http://www.complexmag.ca/pop-culture/2010/01/left-wing-knockouts-when-democrats-get-racist

  2. abbottaerospace

    You mention of the Tea Party is entirely incorrect – the tea party is in favor of individual liberty and restrictions on over reaching government control. They do not mind what religious symbols you may choose to wear – but they also do not mind if people refuse you service because of your religious (or any affiliation).
    Everyone having the right to do what they want as long as other peoples liberties are not infringed by your actions.

    1. Ian Chadwick Post author

      Well, clearly we disagree on what the Tea Party stands for. I see the intolerance, the Christian Taliban, low educational standards, isolationism, homophobia, white supremacy, blind ideologues, extremists… just some of what the Tea Party is commonly known for. Based on their own pronouncements. After all, Sarah Palin is one.

      As CBC News wrote:

      Sixty-four percent believe that the president has increased taxes for most Americans, despite the fact that the vast majority of Americans got a tax cut under the Obama administration. Thirty-four percent of the general public says the president has raised taxes on most Americans.

      Just one of many wrong ideas the TPers gave in the survey.

      Business Insider had many quotes by TPers themselves including these two:

      Glen Urquhart: “The exact phrase ‘separation of Church and State’ came out of Adolph HItler’s mouth, that’s where it comes from. So the next time your liberal friends talk about the separation of Church and State, ASK THEM WHY THEY’RE NAZIS.”

      Carl Paladino on housing poor people in prisons: “THESE ARE BEAUTIFUL PROPERTIES with basketball courts, bathroom facilities, toilet facilities. Many young people would love to get the hell out of cities”

      The Christian Post had a 2011 story that opens with this:

      Approximately half of Tea Party members do not believe in evolution and climate change, according to the newest poll by the Public Religion Research Institute (PRRI). That could be an issue in the 2012 elections, researchers say.

      The study found that some 69 percent of all Americans believe there is solid evidence for global warming and nearly 57 percent believe in evolution. However, within the Tea Party, 50 percent of the affiliates reject the idea of global warming and 51 percent do not believe in evolution.

      “Americans who identify with the Tea Party and white evangelical Protestants strongly reject evolution,” said Daniel Cox, PRRI Research Director. “In fact, roughly one-third of these groups believe humans and other living things were created within the last 10,000 years.”

      And is says it all for many people:
      Tea Party